11 of the Best Climate Fiction Books

Young activists like Greta Thunberg have made us see that ordinary individuals can make their voices heard. People can change the world – and so can books.

The Society of Authors recently asked its members to use their platforms for Climate Action Week. Today I’ve put together a list of 11 climate fiction books – some of the best from a genre that’s become known as ‘cli-fi’.

The authors of these novels are able to do what politicians and activists can’t: they can show us in a powerful way what the world could be like for people like us if we don’t do something now.

11 of the best cli-fi novels

The Maddadam Trilogy, by Margaret Atwood

helena fairfax, margaret atwoodAcross three stunning novels – Oryx and CrakeThe Year of the Flood, and Maddaddam – Margaret Atwood projects us into a near future that is both all too familiar and beyond our imagining.

In Oryx and Crake, a man struggles to survive in a world where he may be the last human. In search of answers, he embarks on a journey through the lush wilderness that was so recently a great city, until powerful corporations took mankind on an uncontrolled genetic engineering ride. In The Year of the Flood the long-feared waterless flood has occurred, altering Earth as we know it and obliterating most human life. And in Maddaddam a small group of survivors band together with the Children of Crake: the gentle, bioengineered quasi-human species who will inherit this new earth.

Set in a darkly plausible future shaped by plagues, floods, and genetic engineering, these three novels take us from the end of the world to a brave new beginning. Thrilling, moving, and a triumph of imagination, the Maddaddam Trilogy confirms the ultimate endurance of humanity, community, and love.

The Lathe of Heaven, by Ursula K. Le Guin

George Orr is a mild and unremarkable man who finds the world a less than pleasant place to live: seven billion people jostle for living space and food. But George dreams dreams which do in fact change reality – and he has no means of controlling this extraordinary power.

Psychiatrist Dr William Haber offers to help. At first sceptical of George’s powers, he comes to astonished belief. When he allows ambition to get the better of ethics, George finds himself caught up in a situation of alarming peril.

First published in 1971, The Lathe of Heaven combines a sheaf of future possibilities – including an early evocation of global warming – with a parable about wishes that has the terrible clarity of a fairy tale.

The Parable of the Sower, by Octavia E. Butler

helena fairfax, climate change fictionIn 2025, with the world descending into madness and anarchy, one woman begins a fateful journey toward a better future.

Lauren Olamina and her family live in one of the only safe neighborhoods remaining on the outskirts of Los Angeles. Behind the walls of their defended enclave, Lauren’s father, a preacher, and a handful of other citizens try to salvage what remains of a culture that has been destroyed by drugs, disease, war, and chronic water shortages. While her father tries to lead people on the righteous path, Lauren struggles with hyperempathy, a condition that makes her extraordinarily sensitive to the pain of others.

When fire destroys their compound, Lauren’s family is killed and she is forced out into a world that is fraught with danger. With a handful of other refugees, Lauren must make her way north to safety, along the way conceiving a revolutionary idea that may mean salvation for all mankind.

Flight Behaviour, by Barbara Kingsolver

Discontented with her life of poverty on a failing farm in the Eastern United States, Dellarobia, a young mother, impulsively seeks out an affair. Instead, on the Appalachian mountains above her farm, she discovers something much more profoundly life-changing — a beautiful and terrible marvel of nature. As the world around her is suddenly transformed by a seeming miracle, can the old certainties they have lived by for centuries remain unchallenged?

Flight Behaviour is a captivating, topical and deeply human novel touching on class, poverty and climate change. It is Barbara Kingsolver’s most accessible novel yet, and explores the truths we live by, and the complexities that lie behind them.

The Windup Girl, by Paolo Bacigalupi

helena fairfax, freelance editorAnderson Lake is a company man, AgriGen’s Calorie Man in Thailand. Under cover as a factory manager, Anderson combs Bangkok’s street markets in search of foodstuffs thought to be extinct, hoping to reap the bounty of history’s lost calories. There, he encounters Emiko…

Emiko is the Windup Girl, a strange and beautiful creature. One of the New People, Emiko is not human; instead, she is an engineered being, creche-grown and programmed to satisfy the decadent whims of a Kyoto businessman, but now abandoned to the streets of Bangkok. Regarded as soulless beings by some, devils by others, New People are slaves, soldiers, and toys of the rich in a chilling near future in which calorie companies rule the world, the oil age has passed, and the side effects of bio-engineered plagues run rampant across the globe.

What Happens when calories become currency? What happens when bio-terrorism becomes a tool for corporate profits, when said bio-terrorism’s genetic drift forces mankind to the cusp of post-human evolution? Award-winning author Paolo Bacigalupi delivers one of the most highly acclaimed science fiction novels of the twenty-first century.

The Road, by Cormac McCarthy

A father and his son walk alone through burned America. Nothing moves in the ravaged landscape save the ash on the wind. It is cold enough to crack stones, and when the snow falls it is gray. The sky is dark. Their destination is the coast, although they don’t know what, if anything, awaits them there. They have nothing; just a pistol to defend themselves against the lawless bands that stalk the road, the clothes they are wearing, a cart of scavenged food—and each other.

The Road is the profoundly moving story of a journey. It boldly imagines a future in which no hope remains, but in which the father and his son, “each the other’s world entire,” are sustained by love. Awesome in the totality of its vision, it is an unflinching meditation on the worst and the best that we are capable of: ultimate destructiveness, desperate tenacity, and the tenderness that keeps two people alive in the face of total devastation.

His Dark Sun, by Jude Brown

helena fairfax, freelance editor“All those disaster movies you’ve watched, all the YouTube videos you’ve seen with people frying eggs on the pavement, seeing ice cubes melt in minutes, that’s nothing. You’ve no idea.”
London, 2022. The heat is rising and things are reaching boiling point. As the world struggles in an endless heatwave, nineteen-year-old Luke Spargo believes he’s the only one who understands what’s really happening to the sun – and if he’s right, he’s the only one who can stop it.
But Luke’s childhood demons are closing in. With the arrival of vibrant, turbulent Fee, the precarious balance of Luke’s life shifts irrevocably.
As his secrets become harder to control, Luke must confront the terrible price of protecting them.

The End We Start From, by Megan Hunter

In the midst of a mysterious environmental crisis, as London is submerged below flood waters, a woman gives birth to her first child, Z. Days later, the family are forced to leave their home in search of safety. As they move from place to place, shelter to shelter, their journey traces both fear and wonder as Z’s small fists grasp at the things he sees, as he grows and stretches, thriving and content against all the odds.

This is a story of new motherhood in a terrifying setting: a familiar world made dangerous and unstable, its people forced to become refugees. Startlingly beautiful, Megan Hunter’s The End We Start From is a gripping novel that paints an imagined future as realistic as it is frightening. And yet, though the country is falling apart around them, this family’s world – of new life and new hope – sings with love.

American War, by Omar El Akkad

Sarat Chestnut, born in Louisiana, is only six when the Second American Civil War breaks out in 2074. But even she knows that oil is outlawed, that Louisiana is half underwater, and that unmanned drones fill the sky. When her father is killed and her family is forced into Camp Patience for displaced persons, she begins to grow up shaped by her particular time and place. But not everyone at Camp Patience is who they claim to be. Eventually Sarat is befriended by a mysterious functionary, under whose influence she is turned into a deadly instrument of war. The decisions that she makes will have tremendous consequences not just for Sarat but for her family and her country, rippling through generations of strangers and kin alike.

An audacious and powerful debut novel: a second American Civil War, a devastating plague, and one family caught deep in the middle a story that asks what might happen if America were to turn its most devastating policies and deadly weapons upon itself

Birthmarked, by Caragh M. O’Brien

In the future, in a world baked dry by the harsh sun, there are those who live inside the walled Enclave and those, like sixteen-year-old Gaia Stone, who live outside. Following in her mother’s footsteps Gaia has become a midwife, delivering babies in the world outside the wall and handing a quota over to be “advanced” into the privileged society of the Enclave. Gaia has always believed this is her duty, until the night her mother and father are arrested by the very people they so loyally serve. Now Gaia is forced to question everything she has been taught, but her choice is simple: enter the world of the Enclave to rescue her parents, or die trying.

New York 2140, by Kim Stanley Robinson

The waters rose, submerging New York City.

But the residents adapted and it remained the bustling, vibrant metropolis it had always been. Though changed forever.

Every street became a canal. Every skyscraper an island.

Through the eyes of the varied inhabitants of one building, Kim Stanley Robinson shows us how one of our great cities will change with the rising tides.

And how we too will change.

I hope my selection of books gives you food for thought.
If you’re wondering what you can do as an individual, these green tips for authors apply to pretty much everyone in the western world – not just writers. By following these suggestions, and by making changes to the way we live, we can actually make a difference.
If you have any cli-fi recommendations that aren’t on my list, please let me know in the comments. I’d love to hear from you.

10 thoughts on “11 of the Best Climate Fiction Books

  1. What a selection, Helena – thanks for broadening the range of reading material! There are only two I’ve heard of, but I haven’t ready any of them. Although not my usual preferred reading, a couple of them do appeal. Hope you had a great holiday.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Thanks very much, Rosemary. It was interesting putting this post together. I’ve only read a couple of these books. I’m a big fan of Ursula K. Le Guin, and The Lathe of Heaven is excellent. There are many more on this list that look like great reads. I hope I can get round to reading them all!
    I did have a great holiday, thanks for asking. However, I’ve been thinking very hard about whether I really need to fly or not, and have decided I’m no longer going to fly for holidays. I flew to NZ only because my daughter and family live there, and otherwise I wouldn’t see them. If it weren’t for them, then I would not have taken the flight.
    Thanks so much for dropping in, and for your comment.


  3. The term Cli-fi is new to me. I’m not familiar with any of the books. Futuristic stories are not in my scope however my friend in our writing group has written what I can now call an excellent cli-fi story. And I have enjoyed that story offering a twist on future possibilities due to climate change. Supposedly Florida will eventually be covered by water due to the arctic glacier melt. Scary stuff. Thanks for sharing this list!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hi JQ, I agree it’s scary stuff. I do enjoy sci-fi, and though I’d never heard of the term cli-fi before I wrote this post, I’d read a couple of books on this list. Your friend’s story sounds interesting. I can well believe that many parts of the world could end up under water if we do nothing. I hope we’re not too late.
      Thanks very much for dropping in, and for your comment.


  4. I love eco-novels, however Cli-fi just sounds wrong to me! :) A few I’ve not read on your list which I shall explore forthwith. Strictly speaking The Road is post-nuclear rather than due to climate change – but the results are similar. I’d recommend JG Ballard’s early books, The Drowned world and The Drought – great 1960s examples. John Christopher’s The Death of Grass from the late 1950s, isn’t strictly cli-fi but a virus has wiped out all grains so again related. More recently, Gold Fame Citrus by Claire Vaye Watkins explores the effect of drought on California.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for those recommendations, Annabel. I hadn’t heard of Gold Fame Citrus. I checked it out and it has some excellent reviews. I’ve added it to my list of books to read.
      It’s amazing how prescient those writers from the 50s and 60s were. The Lathe of Heaven was published in 1971 and has a lot to say about the world we are in today.
      I’m not sure about the expression cli-fi, either. Climate change is a potential catastrophe for mankind, and the term seems to reduce its importance. But all of the books I’ve listed have something powerful to say. I look forward to checking out your suggestions, too.
      Thanks so much for dropping in, and for your interesting comment!

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Oh, Helena! What depressing sounding books. I worry if we don’t take action and do so immediately, the stories in these books will come true, but I won’t be reading them. I wish them all well with sales and SiFi or CliFi, in this case, is very popular, so I’m sure they will do just fine. I appreciate the link on what authors (and others can do). I felt guilty when I just went to walk at Walmart this morning and ended up buying something without one of my own bags! I’m impressed that your writing association took this position. :) Each one of us can do something.


    1. Hi Marsha, I agree the future does look depressing. As I write this, we’re having day after day of rainfall here in Yorkshire, and earlier this year we had the hottest day I’ve ever experienced in the UK. It’s good that people are trying to take action. Everything, no matter how small, helps. I have become vegetarian this year, and this – and also just cutting down on meat – is a growing trend.
      i have no idea what will happen in the future, but as you say, each of us can do something, and I just hope all our small actions amount to something that makes a global difference.


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